In light of the massive campaign to promote Sisi project creates a new Suez Canal, it turned out to be just shunt, then turned out to be an old shunt, we do not know what will reveal the days of the scandals project! Say, in light of this massive campaign, we decided to write these lines that will be shocking the vast majority of readers.
We hope not, but that one is committed to the wisdom of reading as much as we committed ourselves from objective sources documented in writing, and characters do not have nothing to do with the Brotherhood and the Islamists do not even have lived in this time.
Bahrain project linking the Red Sea and the Mediterranean from entices ruled Egypt since ancient times have been, but they all did not think of linking Bahrain directly, but they were digging a canal reach of the Red Sea to the Nile, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
Historians recall that the first implementation of this project was in the era of the Pharaohs, and was renovated more than once, and then in the Ptolemaic era, and after the Islamic conquest drilling Amr Ibn al-connecting channel between the Red Sea and the Nile and called it “Bay faithful”.
But think about the first direct link between the Red Sea and White – As we know – It was in the era of Harun al-Rashid, the minister and his adviser Yahya bin Khalid Barmaki, warned him of this idea because of its dangerous military strategy; represented in the Roman fleet (Byzantines) Can exhibits from the White Sea to the canal to the Red Sea so that is a direct threat of the Two and the people of Hijaz, and he refuses rational on the implementation of the idea.
The main difference between the Red Sea linking the Nile and the Mediterranean Sea and the direct link between Bahrain lies in avoiding this war and the strategic risk, since any naval military attack will be forced to pass in the delta of a branch of the Nile, where huge with large capacity for resistance of human mass, while direct link between Bahrain passes a sparsely populated desert area, costing the state and the presence of naval forces weapon guarding this waterway, what is necessary that the financial and human costs, then the results will not be better off than the results of addressing wide popular in the Delta Bus terrain and Tract.
Here you must pay attention to that rejected the idea of a direct link between Bahrain but it came at a time outweigh the Islamic State sweeping the Byzantines, that is, it was not expected under any circumstances, in that period, that you can afford fleets Roman Mediterranean behavior then the channel then the Red Sea without finding Islamic fleets in-awaited, but it is a long-term strategic thinking.
At the greatest Islamist control of the Mediterranean time, the time of the Ottoman Empire in the eras of Selim I, Suleiman the Magnificent, and Selim II, popped idea incision Suez Canal to facilitate the crossing of the Ottoman fleet to the Red Sea to carry out the duty of Jihad in the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, against raids by the Portuguese and Spanish on those parts, and we have a document Ottoman Selim II by order requesting a thorough study on the costs and benefits of the project, but the idea has not been implemented, Which leads us to suspect that the reason is that strategic thinking; because the Mediterranean and the Red Sea in that period Kada two lakes to be completely Muslim nations!
The first serious thinking in linking Bahrain was the idea of direct foreign colonial, came out for the first time Napoleon Bonaparte during the French campaign on Egypt, and the incision allows the channel to France – Weaker than Britain, especially in the Navy – To harass and Chgb and compete Britain through the French fleet quick access to India (Occupied by Britain), But the engineer who studied the project estimated that the Red Sea from the Mediterranean high; which means that the incision channel could lead to the sinking of Egypt (And the idea of the Red Sea from the average high is found when Masoudi about before 900 Public) The project stopped.
However, the other French, who engineers filled Egypt in the era of Muhammad Ali, re-study and concluded that Bahrain two levels and it can create a channel, but Muhammad Ali's refusal to implement this idea, which is self-evident to those who govern Egypt, especially has the balance of power overturned and became a force Egypt It is the weakest and became foreign kings of the sea, and explain the British rejected cutter, so that Britain does not want one to be controlled by his easy access to India.
If a man genius of Muhammad Ali did not miss the Suez Canal on Egypt, which damage for which will increase competition between foreign countries, and more than seduced by the occupation of the country to take control of this vital road, he considered the channel “Bsfora” New in Egypt You will suffer as the Ottoman Empire suffered from the issue of the Bosphorus and the right of navigation in it, which is present in every issue of war or peace agreement.
And it reached the French despair than during the reign of Khedive Abbas I, who hated the French, and completely refused to split the Suez Canal, and implemented a project to achieve the national interest, although it is in the British interest as well; it paved the way between Cairo and Suez and began to create a railway Alexandria, Cairo, and was This serves the British on the one hand to facilitate the transfer of goods and tourists and mail from England to India via Egypt, and narrows the British naval superiority, and at the same time saves to Egypt to take advantage of cross commercial traffic over its territory.
However, Abac was murdered and did not complete three years in office, and came Khedive Saeed lover to France, French and personal friend of the famous man serious, Frednad de Lesseps.
Abd al-Rahman al-Rafai is a historian of modern Egypt, of the National Party (Founded by Mustafa Kamel), A historian and national nationalist, but do not exaggerate if we say that, it “Racism” Egyptian, or to transfer as our teacher, said Jalal booth “Rafii was a national concept of the nineteenth century”, The same applies can not be accused in his patriotism and love for Egypt, it is in fact charged that this was a national trend of severity and extent of violence they distorted history, a charge leveled by the Islamists, leftists and independent historians alike.
We have mentioned this to prove that the man is far from the purpose of distorting the Suez Canal project, and this project if it were a 10% Benefits to Egypt was Rafii may make it 70% At least, he considered a great national project, but it was really dated and nationally on this project waging a harsh campaign.
I've decided to Rafii “Egypt did not benefit anything from the Suez Canal opened, but it was ominous channel”And they “The biggest mistake” In the history of the Khedive Saeed, who was short-sighted and tricks that go down in history with the service of humanity Vimit reality that the UN does not sacrifice its independence and interests for the sake of “Illusion” The service of humanity, which is the truth only service to the colonial states.
Egypt has borne the costs of establishing the channel, humanly and economically, militarily and politically:
As for a human, it has contributed to dig the canal million Egyptians, were drawn forced to drill in the tragic circumstances of whom died 120 alpha.
But economically, as the saying Oleg Vulkif “Digging of the Suez Canal was a fatal blow to trade Alturnzi in Cairo, is no longer to Cairo from the previous function as a center for trade and transit trade, but the first part”, Uzlك – Explains Rafii – that “The trade route between Europe and the Middle shifted from inside Egypt to the canal that have become the property of the European company, and lost profits that Egypt was returning from the passage of shops in the center of the path of the Nile Delta or the Egyptian railways, and moved to channel these profits company (Foreign)”, This with the knowledge that Egypt may cost 16 Million pounds (It is a huge wealth of awesome at the time, and it was a daily wage of the worker about sharks and shark half) For the sake of the channel, other than what was spent in compensation in the early chapters of the exciting story of bitterness and that does not fit in with this placeAnd that the franchise channel has been given mostly to the French company.
The military, since the first moment and to provide the number of drilling Khedive Saeed spent on the Egyptian army Vanquish numbering from sixty thousand to eight or ten thousand.
The channel is present in every disaster warship went down in Egypt, as it will come shortly.
The politically Since it dug the canal came to be regarded as a matter of Egyptian “Is the question of the Suez Canal, where Vkonha merged, and changed their positions depending on the merger, it opened the channel equivalent to the impact of colonial invasion of Napoleon Bonaparte”.
From that moment, Egypt is still effectively under foreign influence, which is charged with protecting the Suez Canal and to ensure freedom of navigation in it, even if the vessels transiting carry contaminated or radioactive materials or warships threaten Egyptian interests or Arab, Islamic, and modern in this long is a famous.
Rafii even say the word bitter, by 1932, “While the canal days returned to Egypt can not forget that Egypt lost the heavy price and grave sacrifices, and they made her enough 16 Million pounds of their money, then what is dearest deprived of money, which is independence, when Egypt would regain full independence has been deprived of independence because of the channel so long of time, which is depriving the money does not make up”.
We have the channel was the most important factor in the defeat of the Egyptian army, led by Arabi, in front of the British, after being tricked de Lesseps Arabi, and I understand that it is impossible that Britain violated the rules of international law and used the canal in hostilities because they are neutral waterway, and this Orabi changed his idea of bridging the channel to prevent the confluence of the British armies coming from India in the Red Sea with those coming from the Mediterranean Sea, though it did change the face of history.
Then the channel of the main obstacles in all negotiations for independence from the British occupation until the end of their reign in the British withdrew from Cairo and stationed in the Canal Zone.
Then the channel is the cause of the catastrophe in 1956, when Abdel Nasser made his decision Crazy (Although the events took place, including made him somewhat useful) Nationalized the canal, which does not have any papers to defend it, but not that he was cuddling in the US at the time, America was determined to end the British presence in the Middle have been able nothing.
Then the channel is the cause of Israel's occupation of the Sinai occupation calm and stable, but Israel and the girl as covering dirt line of defense of war on the eastern bank of the canal, and it was all Egyptian achievement is “Crossing” Channel, though it did not exist to channel it risked Israel occupied Egypt Either she was forced to the incursion and occupation of all Egypt (And that in his time in the impossible was sentenced to a human, financially and militarily), And either stopped by the Egyptian border so as not to drag Egypt into war, but the channel has provided her and managed to keep hydraulically excellent dug in behind him.
After the Yom Kippur War and the signing of the peace treaty, the channel is a water inhibitor which made Sinai, sealed separately in practice for Egypt area, making it easier being a buffer zone, and I want her to keep a buffer zone to be natural protection to Israel, and then the Sinai population suffered from exclusion and marginalization and injustice for about half century (Ago 1967), Even if the channel did not exist because it was possible the survival of the Sinai this isolation and separation from the Egyptian body, and what was possible denial of reconstruction and development and natural transition between the residents of the Sinai and the inhabitants of the Nile Valley.
And now the fear remains valid from Sisi projects, entitled broaden and deepen the channel to accommodate more ships, while the fact that further expand the water separation, which means, more isolated Sinai and preserved as a protection to Israel, and to control the smuggling of arms market into Gaza through the Sinai, all Israeli interests.
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